A July with record-breaking high temperatures
Severe Tropical Storm Chaba over the northern part of the South China Sea moved generally north-northwestwards towards the coast of western Guangdong on July 1. It further intensified into a typhoon the next morning. Chaba made landfall near Maoming and weakened into a severe tropical storm that evening. It then moved across inland Guangdong and Guangxi and weakened gradually into a low pressure area over inland on July 3. With the approach of Chaba, local winds strengthened significantly later on July 1, necessitating the issuance of the first No. 8 Gale or Storm Signal in this year and also the first such issuance on Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Establishment Day. Strong to gale force winds generally affected the territory on July 2, with occasional storm force winds offshore and on high ground at first. With Chaba moving away from Hong Kong and weakening gradually inland, local winds moderated gradually later in that afternoon. The outer rainbands of Chaba also brought heavy squally showers and thunderstorms to Hong Kong on July 1 and 2. More than 100 millimetres of rainfall were generally recorded over Hong Kong on those two days and rainfall even exceeded 150 millimetres in parts of Tsuen Wan, Sha Tin, Kowloon City and Wan Chai Districts. Under the rain, the temperature at the Hong Kong Observatory fell to the month's lowest of 25.4 degrees on July 1. The weather of Hong Kong remained mainly cloudy with occasional showers and squalls on July 3.
Affected by the remnant of Chaba and subsequently a strong southwest monsoon, the weather of Hong Kong was cloudy with showers and thunderstorms on July 4 to 6. The showers were particularly heavy in some areas of Tai Po and North Districts with more than 70 millimetres of rainfall recorded on July 5. Under the influence of a southerly airstream, there were sunny intervals with a few showers and isolated thunderstorms on July 7.
With the subtropical ridge extending westwards and dominating over southern China, apart from a few showers, there was a long spell of generally fine and very hot weather in Hong Kong starting from July 8 to July 29. With plenty of sunshine, the maximum temperature at the Observatory reached 34.9 degrees on July 23, the hottest Great Heat on record. The maximum temperature at the Observatory soared further to 36.1 degrees on July 24, the highest of the month and the highest maximum temperature for July on record. The maximum temperature recorded at Sheung Shui on that day even reached 39.0 degrees, the highest record since the station was established in 2004. Moreover, the daily mean temperature recorded at the Observatory on both July 24 and 25 was 32.0 degrees, the highest on record for July. The daily minimum temperature of 29.9 degrees on July 25 was also the highest on record for July.
Under light wind and unstable atmospheric conditions, there were thundery showers over Hong Kong on July 30. The showers were heavy at times with intense thunderstorms and incessant lightning in the morning. More than 30 millimetres of rainfall were recorded over some places and rainfall even exceeded 70 millimetres over Sai Kung. During the inclement weather in that morning, a person died after being struck by lightning while hiking in Sha Tin. Affected by an anticyclone aloft, apart from isolated showers and thunderstorms, the weather became generally fine and very hot again on the last day of the month.
Four tropical cyclones occurred over the South China Sea and the western North Pacific in July 2022.
Details of issuance and cancellation of various warnings/signals in July are summarised in Table 1. Monthly meteorological figures and departures from normal for July are tabulated in Table 2.
Ends/Tuesday, August 2, 2022
Issued at HKT 16:25
Issued at HKT 16:25