HKSARG strongly refutes the remarks contained in latest UK Six-monthly Report on Hong Kong
The HKSAR is an inalienable part of the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a local administrative region that enjoys a high degree of autonomy under "one country, two systems" and comes directly under the Central People's Government (CPG). To uphold and implement the principle of "one country, two systems" meets the interests of the Hong Kong people, responds to the needs of maintaining Hong Kong's prosperity and stability and serves the fundamental interests of the nation. The CPG has time and again made it clear that it will unswervingly implement the policy of "one country, two systems", and repeatedly urged foreign parties to stop intervening in Hong Kong affairs. Foreign governments should not attempt to interfere in the HKSAR's affairs under international laws and basic principles of non-intervention.
Hong Kong National Security Law
"The comments in the Report smearing the Law of the PRC on Safeguarding National Security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (Hong Kong National Security Law) could not be further from the truth, and are clearly adopting double standards. Any objective person will see that since the implementation of the Hong Kong National Security Law, stability, which is vital to business activities, has been restored to society and national security has been safeguarded in the HKSAR. Our people can continue to enjoy their basic rights and freedoms in accordance with the law," the spokesman said.
The Hong Kong National Security Law upholds the rights and freedoms of Hong Kong people as well as the high degree of autonomy of the HKSAR. The Hong Kong National Security Law clearly stipulates that the HKSAR shall protect the rights and freedoms enjoyed by residents under the Basic Law of the HKSAR of the PRC (the Basic Law) and the provisions of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights as applied to Hong Kong in accordance with the law. However, certain rights and freedoms recognised in the ICCPR are not absolute: the ICCPR stipulates that certain rights and freedoms may be subject to restrictions as prescribed by law if it is necessary in the interests of national security, public safety, public order or the rights and freedoms of others, etc.
"The four categories of offences endangering national security clearly stipulated under the Hong Kong National Security Law are narrowly defined. There is no question of law-abiding persons inadvertently violating the law."
"We would like to emphasise that any law enforcement actions taken by Hong Kong law enforcement agencies are based on evidence, strictly according to the law, for the acts of the person(s) or entity (entities) concerned, and have nothing to do with their political stance, background or occupation. It would be contrary to the rule of law to suggest that people or entities of certain sectors or professions could be above the law."
We must reiterate that prosecutorial decisions made by the Department of Justice are based on evidence, applicable laws and the Prosecution Code. The Prosecution Code explicitly stipulates that prosecutors must not be influenced by political, media or individual interest. Cases are handled with the same benchmark irrespective of the political beliefs or background of defendants. Prosecution would only commence and continue if there is sufficient admissible evidence to support a reasonable prospect of conviction and it is in the public interest to do so. Article 63 of the Basic Law expressly guarantees that all prosecutions are free from any interference.
The Report also expressed concerns on judicial independence in the HKSAR. That the courts of the HKSAR can exercise independent judicial power, including that of final adjudication free from any interference, has been enshrined under the Basic Law as set out in Articles 2, 19 and 85. Article 92 of the Basic Law also clearly stipulates that judges and other members of the judiciary of the HKSAR shall be chosen on the basis of their judicial and professional qualities. The constitutional duty of judges, in the exercise of their judicial power, is to apply the law and nothing else. Such duty does not change when judges decide cases arising from or involving political controversies.
General Election of the Legislative Council
The HKSAR Government respects and safeguards the lawful rights of Hong Kong people, including the right to vote and the right to stand for elections. It also has a duty to implement and uphold the Basic Law and ensure that all elections will be conducted in accordance with the Basic Law and relevant electoral laws.
In the Discontinued 2020 Legislative Council (LegCo) General Election, Returning Officers invalidated 12 nominees. The Returning Officers clearly stated that, in determining the validity of nominations, the core question was whether the nominee had complied with the declaration requirement under section 40(1)(b)(i) of the Legislative Council Ordinance (Cap.542), i.e. to uphold the Basic Law and pledge allegiance to the HKSAR of the PRC. The decisions of Returning Officers aimed to ensure that the election would be held in strict accordance with the Basic Law and other applicable laws in an open, honest and fair manner. There was no question of any political censorship, restriction of the freedom of speech or deprivation of the right to stand for elections as alleged by some members of the community. The HKSAR Government fully supports Returning Officers in the discharge of statutory duties in accordance with the laws.
On the postponement of the General Election of the LegCo, the health and the well-being of the people are the overriding concerns of any responsible government. The HKSAR Government has repeatedly stressed that the postponement of the 2020 LegCo General Election was entirely based on public health grounds.
The Decision of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPCSC) on November 11, 2020 regarding the qualification of LegCo members of the HKSAR clearly establishes that a member of the LegCo of the HKSAR does not fulfil the legal requirements and conditions on upholding the Basic Law and pledging allegiance to the HKSAR of the PRC if the member advocates or supports "Hong Kong independence", refuses to recognise the PRC's sovereignty over Hong Kong and the exercise of the sovereignty, solicits intervention by foreign or external forces in the HKSAR's affairs, or carries out other activities endangering national security. When the member is so decided in accordance with law, he or she is immediately disqualified from being a LegCo member. The Decision is applicable to the members of the sixth-term LegCo whose nominations were decided to be invalid in accordance with law by the HKSAR during the nomination period of the election for the seventh-term LegCo of the HKSAR originally scheduled for September 6, 2020. Four members of the sixth-term LegCo have submitted nomination to run for the seventh-term LegCo General Election that was originally scheduled for September 6, 2020. Their nominations were invalidated by Returning Officers before the end of the nomination period, and they hence lost the qualification for running for the election and were immediately disqualified from being LegCo members. The NPCSC's Decision is a constitutional, lawful and reasonable arrangement. It is necessary and complies with the relevant stipulations of the Basic Law.
Improving Electoral System
We firmly oppose to the misleading claims by some foreign politicians concerning CPG's improvement to the HKSAR's electoral system as well as their ulterior motives. We stress that the improvement to the electoral system of the HKSAR is both timely and necessary, as anti-China forces had created chaos in the Legislative Council (LegCo), paralysed the operation of the HKSAR Government, and even colluded with external forces to undermine Hong Kong's security and interests. No country or government could turn a blind eye to such dangers. The Government is committed to ensuring elections are conducted in a fair, just and open manner.
The National People's Congress (NPC) on March 11, 2021 passed the Decision on Improving the Electoral System of the HKSAR (the Decision). The Decision is entirely constitutional, legal, reasonable and rational. The Central Authorities take the initiative from the national level to improve the electoral system of the HKSAR, aiming to plug the loopholes in and eliminate the deficiencies of the existing electoral system. Through constructing a democratic system that is consistent with the actual situation of Hong Kong, fully conforms to the constitutional order under the "one country, two systems" principle and manifests Hong Kong characteristics, we can thereby put Hong Kong back on track and make rectification. The amendment embodies several key principles:
(i) safeguarding our Country's sovereignty, national security and development interests, upholding HKSAR residents' right to vote and the right to stand for election in strict accordance with the law;
(ii) fully implementing the principle of "patriots administering Hong Kong" to lay down structural protection to the implementation of "one country, two systems";
(iii) strengthening the representativeness of the Election Committee and the LegCo, broadening the balanced and orderly political participation, as well as safeguarding the overall and fundamental interests of the Hong Kong society; and
(iv) strengthening the effective collaboration between the administration and the legislature, enhancing the governance capability of the Government, mitigating internal attrition and political wrangling, enabling the HKSAR Government and the society to focus their energy on developing the economy, improving livelihoods and maintaining the long-term prosperity and stability of Hong Kong.
Ends/Friday, June 11, 2021
Issued at HKT 0:45
Issued at HKT 0:45