Demographic Trends in Hong Kong 1981-2001
Monday, 23 December 2001

 


Table 1 : Summary of Key Statistics
 
  1981 1986 1991 1996 2001
Population          
Mid-year population(1)

5 183 400

5 524 600

5 752 000

6 435 500

6 724 900

Sex ratio
(males per 1000 females)
1 087 1 062 1 044 1 001 956
Percentage of population          

     Aged 0-14

24.6 23.1 20.8 18.7 16.4

     Aged 15-64

68.7 69.3 70.4 71.1 72.4

     Aged 65 and over

6.6 7.7 8.7 10.2 11.2
Overall dependency ratio(2) 455 443 420 406 382
Median age (years) 26.3 28.8 31.6 34.2 36.8

Fertility
         
Number of live births 86 751 71 620 68 281 63 291 48 219
Crude birth rate
(per 1 000 population)
16.8 13.0 12.0 9.9 7.2
Total fertility rate(3)
(number of live births per 1 000 women)
1 933 1 367 1 281 1 166 927

Mortality
         
Number of deaths 24 832 25 912 28 429 32 176 33 378
Crude death rate
(per 1 000 population)
4.8 4.7 5.0 5.0 5.0
Infant mortality rate
(per 1 000 live births)
9.7 7.7 6.4 4.1 2.6
Expectation of life at birth (years)          

     Male

72.3 74.1 75.2 76.7 78.4

     Female

78.5 79.4 80.7 82.7 84.6

Marriage and Divorces
         
Number of marriages 50 756 43 280 42 568 37 045 32 825
Crude marriage rate
(per 1 000 population)
8.4 6.8 6.9 5.5 4.8

     Male

16.1 13.2 13.6 11.0 9.9

     Female

17.5 14.0 14.1 11.0 9.5
Number of divorce decrees 2 060 4 257 6 295 9 473 13 425
Crude divorce rate
(per 1 000 population)
0.4 0.8 1.1 1.5 2.0
Notes : (1) The figures from 1981 to 1995 are compiled based on the "extended de facto" method and those from 1996 onwards are compiled based on the "resident population" method.
(2) The number of persons aged under 15 and those aged 65 and over per 1000 persons aged between 15 and 64.
(3) All fertility rates used and presented in this table are compiled using a population denominator which has excluded female foreign domestic helpers.