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Osteoarthritis of Hand

Introduction

Osteoarthritis is a disease caused by degeneration due to repetitive usage. It is common among the elderly, and can affect the knee and finger joints.


Osteoarthritis of hand

Osteoarthritis of hand is mainly due to aging of the finger joints, decreased secretion of synovial fluid and thinning of cartilage. Improper postures and activities like the carrying of heavy objects increase stress on the finger joints, worsening the condition and leading to more pain.


Symptoms

Common symptoms include joint pain, swelling, warmth and stiffness of fingers. Prolonged inflammation leads to reduced activity of fingers, and can result in muscle weakness and wasting. If there is also improper posture and activity, there may be permanent joint deformity.


Treatment

There is no cure for Osteoarthritis of hand. Rest and painkillers can help to relieve the pain. However, drugs should be used as advised by a doctor to minimize side-effects. By adopting finger joint protection techniques and adaptive method in daily life, it is possible to reduce pain and inflammation, and prevent further deterioration or permanent deformity of the fingers.


Caring Tips for Osteoarthritis of Hand:


Ice therapy and Heat therapy:

Choose the appropriate method according to the symptoms. In general, use ice treatment for acute condition; and heat treatment for chronic condition.
(please refers to the pages on 'Heat therapy' and 'Cold therapy')
Apply the therapy two to three times daily for 15-20 minutes, to help improve circulation and reduce the inflammation. In case of queries, consult a doctor or physiotherapist.


Finger Joints Protection

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