In Hong Kong, the objective of policy development is to have effective
prevention, care and control of HIV/AIDS in the locality. Apart
from specific and non-designated laws and regulations, cultivation
of a supportive environment is of paramount importance in effecting
HIV/AIDS programmes. The bureaux and departments of the Hong Kong
government are inevitably the main forces in formulating HIV/AIDS
policies. In turn, the government-appointed Advisory Council on
AIDS (ACA) is the highest-level body providing policy advice to
the government. Not less, community movements shape policy directions
and its implementation.
Key programme areas on HIV/AIDS
are covered in the policy development. They comprise: (a) HIV prevention,
health promotion and education for public and targeted communities,
(b) patient acceptance and care, and (c) HIV/AIDS surveillance.
The efforts and directions were enshrined in the five AIDS
strategies - dated 1994, 1999, 2002, 2007 and 2012 - recommended
by the ACA.